Established in May 1968 by a group of young doctors who wanted to aid victims of wars and major disasters, the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) completed its first mission in the Nicaraguan capital of Managua after the 1972 earthquake. The organization is known internationally in English as Doctors Without Borders. In 1990, the American division of the organization formed, and it currently manages programs in Sudan, Chad, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.
A December 2014 news relief provided by MSF states that since February of that year, the organization provided medical assistance to more than 300,000 South Sudanese refugees. These refugees fled their homes and sought freedom in Sudan’s White Nile state. In addition to providing medical care and nutritional assistance to these individuals, the MSF gives vaccines for polio and measles.